Latin American Literature became quiet famous during the sixties, when the Magical Realism of authors as Gabriel García Márquez (Colombia, 1928) and Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru) published their most well known books. Especially Cien Años de Soledad (Hundred Years of Solitude, 1967) became world famous and has been translated in several languages. He got the Nobel Price for Literature in 1982 and is still a very popular writer. After García Márquez, it was Isabel Allende (Chile) that continued the tradition of the magical realism. Her la Casa de los Espíritus (The house of the spirits) takes place during the years of the regime of Salvador Allende (1970 - 1973), just before the Chilian dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.
But even before Márquez, Vargas Llosa and Isabel Allende, it were Gabriela Mistral and Pablo Neruda , two Chilean Nobel Prices, that became world famous with their poems.